Research activity at The Mind Lab by Unitec is aimed at ensuring that all of our postgraduate teaching staff are research active.


A recent project funded by the NEXT Foundation was undertaken on behalf of The Mind Lab by Unitec by the NZCER. This project looked at the impact of the Digital and Collaborative Learning programme on teachers’ reflective practice in the classroom.

The report can be freely downloaded from this link: “An Analysis of Participant Blogs Supplemented by Teacher Interviews

These are research projects that Mind Lab staff have been recently engaged in:

Ako Aotearoa National Project Fund project, 2014-15, “Learners and mobile devices (#NPF14LMD): A framework for enhanced learning and institutional change” available from

Ako Aotearoa Regional Project Fund project, 2014, “An orientation to open, flexible and distance education” in partnership with DEANZ, available from



Here are some recent publications from the Post Grad team.


Parsons, D., Thomas, H., Lynch, J, & MacCallum, K. (2018). Digital Fluency and the Entitlement Curriculum: Who are the computational thinkers? In Proceedings FLANZ 2018 Conference, Palmerston North, New Zealand,

Parsons, D. & MacCallum. K. (2018). Mobile Learning Curricula: Policy and Potential. In D. Herro, S. Arafeh, R. Ling & C. Holden (Eds.), Mobile learning: Perspectives on practice and policy. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing

Thomas, H. (2018). Powerful knowledge, technology and education in the future-focused Good Society. Technology in Society, 52, 54-59.


Lindsay, L., & Hindson, P. (2017). Collaborative science communication in contemporary teaching practice. Paper presented at Science Communicators Association of New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand.

Schofield, L., Baker, K., Vo, D., Pham, T., Lindsay, L., & Han, B. (2017). ‘Tried and True’ or ‘Bold and New’ – Why students choose video assessment. Dr Lucy Patston (Ed.), New Zealand National Tertiary Learning and Teaching Conference: Spaces and Pedagogies (p.46).

Lindsay, L. (2017, October). Online learning network support for teachers of computational thinking: design considerations. Poster presented at Research Students Forum, Sydney School of Education and Social Work, The University of Sydney, Australia.

Tull, S P C., Dabner, N., & Ayebi-Arthur, K. (2017). Social media and e-learning in response to seismic events: Resilient practices. Journal of Open Flexible and Distance Learning, 21(1), 63-76.

MacCallum, K. & Parsons, D. (2017). Evaluating a Mobile Toolkit for Designing Mobile Learning Activities. In F. Loizides, G. Papadopoulos & N. Souleles (Eds.), Proceedings of the 16th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning. (Article 33). ACM Press.

Parsons, D. & MacCallum, K. (2017). An mLearning toolset for leveraging learning theory. In R. Power,  M. Ally, D. Cristol, & A. Palalas (Eds.), IAmLearning: Mobilizing and supporting educator practice. [e-Book]. International Association for Mobile Learning.

Parsons, D., Lynch, J., Han, B. & Thorn, R. (2017). Hack education: Crowdsourcing the future of education in New Zealand. In L. Patston & S. Nash (Eds.), Spaces and Pedagogies: New Zealand Tertiary Learning and Teaching Conference 2017 Proceedings. Unitec ePress.57-66.

Thomas, H., Baker, K., Parsons, D., Pham, T. & Vo, D. (2017). Leading Technology Innovation: When believing is seeing. In L. Patston & S. Nash (Eds.), Spaces and Pedagogies: New Zealand Tertiary Learning and Teaching Conference 2017 Proceedings. Unitec ePress. 103-120.

Parsons, D. & MacCallum, K. (2017). A learning theory rubric for evaluating mobile learning activities. International Journal of Online Pedagogy and Course Design, 7(4), 24-38.

Abidin, Z., Mathrani, A., Hunter, R. & Parsons, D. (2017). Challenges of Integrating Mobile Technology into Mathematics Instruction in Secondary Schools: An Indonesian Context. Computers in the Schools: Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, and Applied Research. 34(3), 207-222.

Parsons, D. (2017, May 30). Time capsule of the future. The New Zealand Herald. p. A20.

Parsons, D. (2017). Mobile Learning Policy Formulation and Enactment in New Zealand. In A. Murphy, H. Farley, L. Dyson, H. Jones (Eds.). Mobile Learning in Higher Education in the Asia-Pacific Region. Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects, vol 40. Springer, Singapore

Parsons, D., Inkila, M. & Lynch, J. (2017). Navigating Learning Worlds. Paper presented at The Higher Education Technology Agenda (THETA 2017), Auckland, New Zealand, May 2017.

Parsons, D. (2017). Stakeholder, Corporate and Policy Perspectives, in J. Traxler (Ed.) Capacity Building in a Changing ICT Environment (pp. 81-90). Geneva, Switzerland: International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved from


Gander, T., Schofield, L., Rowley, R. & Valintine, F. (2016). Responding to the needs of contemporary educators, transforming teaching and learning. Paper presented at Tertiary Education Reserved in New Zealand (TERNZ) conference, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Vo, D., Pham, T. & Parsons, D. (2016). Creating learning connections via an online community of practice: a case study. In C. Fraser, H. Hamerton, C. Raymond, J. Sadler & K. Shanaghan (Eds.), Making Connections – Whanaungatanga: Proceedings of the 2016 National Tertiary Learning and Teaching Conference. Rotorua, New Zealand: Toi Ohomai Institute of Technology.

Parsons, D. & Inkila, M. (2016). Makerspaces and Computational Thinking at The Mind Lab by Unitec. Paper presented at the Tertiary ICT Conference 2016, Auckland, New Zealand.

Parsons, D. (2016). The Social Surplus of Broadband Initiatives in Compulsory Education. Australasian Journal of Information Systems, 20.

MacCallum, K. & Parsons, D. (2016). A Theory-ology of Mobile Learning: Operationalizing Learning Theories with Mobile Activities. In Proceedings 15th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2016). 173-182.

Parsons, D., Thomas, H. & Inkila, M. (2016). A Mobile Sensor Activity for Ad-Hoc Groups. In Proceedings 15th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2016). 210-213.

Gander, T. &  Schofield. L. (2016). Disruption through collaboration. Paper presented at the ULearn 2016 conference. Rotorua, New Zealand.

Baker, K. & Rowley, R. (2016). The investigation of how collaborative processes and team dynamics impact on collaborative teaching in a New Zealand context. Paper presented at the ULearn 2016 conference. Rotorua, New Zealand.

Parsons, D. (2016). The future of mobile learning and implications for education and training. In K. Alshahrani & M. Ally (Eds.) Transforming Education in the Gulf Region: Emerging Learning Technologies and Innovative Pedagogy for the 21st Century (pp. 224-236). Routledge Research in Education.

Parsons, D., Susnjak, T. & Mathrani, A. (2016). Design from Detail: Analyzing Data from a Global Day of Coderetreat. Information and Software Technology, 75, 39–55.

Parsons, D. (2016). Mobile and Blended Learning Innovations for Improved Learning Outcomes. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Parsons, D. & Adhikari, J. (2016). Bring Your Own Device to Secondary School: The Perceptions of Teachers, Students and Parents. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 14, 67-81.

Parsons, D., Wishart, J. & Thomas, H. (2016). Exploring Mobile Affordances in the Digital Classroom. In I. Arnedillo-Sanchez & P. Isaias (Eds.) Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Mobile Learning (Mobile Learning 2016). IADIS. pp.43-50.

Lee, H., Parsons, D., Kwon, G., Kim, J., Petrova, K., Jeong, E. & Ryu, H. (2016). Cooperation Begins: Encouraging Critical Thinking Skills through Cooperative Reciprocity using a Mobile Learning GameComputers & Education, 97, 97–115. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2016.03.006


Parsons, D., Thomas, M., Inkila, M., Nicoll Antipas, P., Valintine, F., Pham, T. & Vo, D. (2015). Transforming Teacher Education with Digital and Collaborative Learning and Leadership. International Journal of Digital Literacy and Digital Competence, 6(4), 30-47.

Baker, K. (2015). The BYOD initiative in NZ secondary schools. Lambert Academic Publishing.
Retrieved from

Baker, K. (2015, October). Investigating the initiative of students bringing their own technology devices into New Zealand secondary schools. Paper presented at ULearn conference, Crowne Plaza, Auckland October 8th 2015. Retrieved from

Parsons D., Thomas, H., Nicoll Antipas, P. &  Kim-Cory, C. (2015). Transforming In-Service Teacher Education with Digital and Collaborative Learning (Poster)14th European Conference on e-Learning (ECEL 2015).

Parsons, D. & Adhikari, J. (2015). The Ups and Downs of BYOD: A Sociocultural Perspective. 14th European Conference on e-Learning (ECEL 2015)

Adhikari, J., Mathrani, A. & Parsons, D. (2015). Bring your own device classroom: Issues of digital divides in teaching and learning contexts. Proceedings of 26th Australasian Conference on Information Systems.

Abidin, Z., Mathrani, A., Parsons, D. & Suriadi S. (2015). Opportunities and challenges of mobile learning for promoting mathematical literacy. Proceedings of 26th Australasian Conference on Information Systems.

Crow, T. & Parsons D. (2015). A Mobile Game World for Māori Language Learning. 14th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2015).


Valintine, F., (2014, June). Managing the Disruption of Technological and Digital Advances – 2020 and Beyond. Paper presented at the ISNZ Annual Conference,  Auckland, New Zealand, 20-12 June 2014. Retrieved from

Valintine, F., (2014, February). Learning by Doing. Paper presented at the IncrediblEdge 2014 Summit,  Auckland, New Zealand, 27-28 February 2014. Retrieved from

MacDonald, F. & Thomas, H. (2014). Is there any such thing as a re-usable learning resource? (Pecha Kucha). DEANZ Conference 2014, 30 April – 2 May 2014, Christchurch, New Zealand. Retrieved from   

Parsons, D. (2014). A Mobile Learning Overview by Timeline and Mind Map. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 6(4), 1-21.

Campbell, M. (2014, April). Newly qualified ECE teachers are being promoted into positions of leadership quickly. How does this impact on positive outcomes for children? Paper presented at the NZEALs conference, Victoria University Pipitea Campus, Wellington, 30 April 2014. Retrieved from

Parsons, D. & Rees, M. (2014). Can we improve participation in university course surveys using mobile tools? A practical experiment. Proceedings of 25th Australasian Conference on Information Systems (ACIS 2014), Auckland, New Zealand, Dec 8-10.

Aguayo, C., Holley-Boen, W., Mathrani, A., Mentis, M., Merriman, M., Parsons, D. & Thomas, D. (2014). Learners and Mobile Devices: Distance and distributed learning at Massey University (Poster). Proceedings of ASCILITE 2014, Dunedin, New Zealand, Nov 23-26.

Parsons, D. (2014). Pathways to a Better World: Assessing Mobile Learning Policy against UNESCO Guidelines in a New Zealand Case Study. In M. Kalz, Y. Bayyurt & M. Specht (Eds.) Mobile as Mainstream – Towards Future Challenges in Mobile Learning. Proceedings of 13th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning. Communications in Computer and Information Science 479, Springer, 182-196.

Ahmed, S. & Parsons, D. (2014). A Comparative Analysis in Evaluating ‘ThinknLearn’ from Science Educators and High School Students Perspectives. In M. Kalz, Y. Bayyurt & M. Specht (Eds.) Mobile as Mainstream – Towards Future Challenges in Mobile Learning. Proceedings of 13th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning. Communications in Computer and Information Science 479, Springer, 228-237.

Ryu, H., Parsons, D. & Lee, H. (2014). Using game-based collaborative learning to enhance critical thinking skills. Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2014) Kraków, Poland, July 19-23.

Parsons, D. (2014). Creating game-like activities in agile software engineering education. Proceedings of 23rd Australasian Software Engineering Conference (ASWEC), Sydney, Australia, April 7-10.

Parsons, D. & Stockdale, R. (2014). The Agile Hour in a Virtual World: Teaching Agile Methods with Open Wonderland. In M. Thomas (Ed.) Pedagogical Considerations and Opportunities for Teaching and Learning on the Web (pp. 196-215). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Parsons, D. (2014). The future of mobile learning and implications for education and training. In M. Ally & A. Tsinakos (Eds.) Increasing Access through Mobile Learning (pp. 217-229). Commonwealth of Learning Press.

Gander, T. (2014, October). The ‘call to adventure’, learner agency in the traditional school. Paper presented at ULearn conference, Princes Gate Hotel, Rotorua, October 7th 2014 Retrieved from

Pham-Dinh, T., Nguyen-Thanh, H., Uchida, K., Nguyen, T. M. G. (2014), “Modified Control for Grid Connected Doubly Fed Induction Generator Under Unbalanced Voltage Dip for Torque Stability and Reduction of Current Harmonic”, Proceedings of Annual Conference of The Japan Society of Instrument and Control Engineers SICE 2014, Sapporo, Japan, September 2014, pp. 1493-1500 (on

Clay, C. (2014). Innovative science education. New Zealand Science Teacher, 133, 62. Retrieved from:


Schofield, L. (2013) Associations between Student Levels of Achievement and Perceptions of Teacher-Student Interactions (Thesis MPhilScEd)

Thomas, H. & Hollis, J. (2013). Project Management, Complexity and Creativity. In Benson, Angela D., Moore, Joi L., & Williams van Rooij, Shahron (Eds.). Cases on Educational Technology Planning, Design, and Implementation: A Project Management Perspective. IGI-Global (pages 188-205)

Antipas, P.N. (2013). Put to the Test: The Folk-Tale Motif of the “Test to Prove Worthiness” in Three of Shakespeare’s Comedies (Master’s thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand). Retrieved from

Pham-Dinh, T., Nguyen-Thanh, H. (2013). Improving Stability for Independent Power Control of Wind-Turbine Doubly Fed Induction Generator During Grid Unbalance With PI-Fuzzy Controller, AEM Journal of the Japan Society of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics, 21(3) 425-429, ISSN 0919-4452.

Vo, D.(2013) An educational software to help children with autism to learn Vietnamese alphabet. Journal of Educational Science, 48(72), 66-75.

Le, H., & Vo, D. (2013). The Current Situation of Training for Human Resource in Special Education in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. In M. Chitiyo, L. Aylward, E. Dalton, G. Prater, G. Chitiyo, & A. Hughes (Eds.) The Bridge from Segregation to Inclusion….A Long Journey: Proceedings of Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association of Special Education (p.126). Vancouver, British Columbia.International Association of Special Education. Retrieved from

Clay, C. (2013). Robots in the classroom. New Zealand Interface, 52, 18-20. Retrieved from:

Ahmed, S., & Parsons, D. (2013). Abductive Science Inquiry Using Mobile Learning Technologies. In Jovanovic, J. and Chiong, R. (Eds.) Technological and Social Environments for Interactive Learning, Santa Rosa, California: Informing Science Press. pp.363-90.

Parsons, D., Ahn, J., Lee, A., Song, K. & Yoon. M. (2013). Mapping Mobile Learning in Space and Time (Poster). Proceedings of 12th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2013), Doha, Qatar, 21-24 October 2013.

Parsons, D. (2013). Jam Today – Embedding BYOD into Classroom Practice. Proceedings of 12th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2013), Doha, Qatar, 21-24 October 2013

Ahmed, H. & Parsons, D. (2013). Abductive science inquiry using mobile devices in the classroom, Computers & Education, 63, 62–72

Parsons, D. (Ed.) (2013). Innovations in Mobile Educational Technologies and Applications. Hershey, PA: IGI Global